The ketogenic (keto) diet is a low-carbohydrate, high-fat, and moderate-protein dietary regimen. The primary goal of the keto diet is to shift the body’s primary energy source from carbohydrates to fats. This metabolic state, known as ketosis, involves the liver breaking down fats into ketones, which then serve as an energy source for the body.
Key Features of the Keto Diet:
- Foods to Eat: Meat, fatty fish, eggs, butter, cream, cheese, nuts and seeds, healthy oils (like olive oil), avocados, and low-carb vegetables.
- Foods to Avoid: Sugary foods, grains and starches, fruit (except small portions of berries), beans and legumes, root vegetables and tubers, some condiments, and unhealthy fats.
- Weight Loss
- Blood Sugar and Insulin Levels
- Brain Health
- Improved Triglyceride and HDL Cholesterol Levels
Some people may experience side effects known as “keto flu,” which can include headache, fatigue, and digestive issues.
The Keto diet is a popular dietary approach centered on low carbohydrates and high fats, aiming to induce ketosis, a state where the body primarily burns fat for energy.